The Rules of sport golf as far as we might be concerned today started during the 1400s in Scotland however the principal relations of the game return similar to the primary century B.C. In 1457 King James II of Scotland prohibited the game as an unwanted interruption and presumably many golf widows and single men wish it had remained so.
Viewed as the home of golf, the Old Course at St Andrews was laid out in 1552. In spite of the fact that Mussel burgh Links is authoritatively perceived as the world’s most established course and dates from “only” 1672, there is no questioning golf is a game with genuine history and a truly scary arrangement of rules.
Object of the Game
The object of the game is simple enough: to get your ball from the tee (the starting point of any hole) to the green and ultimately into the hole in as few shots as possible. “The hole” refers both to the physical hole marked by a flag into which the ball must be sunk and also the entire area from the tee to the green. This may be considered one unit of the course, with a standard course consisting of 18 separate holes played in turn.
Players & Equipment
Golf is usually played individually, with a professional tournament generally consisting of around 80-160 players playing in groups of three or four, competing against each other. There are also team tournaments, the most notable being the Ryder Cup played between Europe and the USA. In this format 12 players from each side compete in a mixture of singles matches, played one against one, and doubles, two against two.
The equipment used in golf is highly regulated, with exact specifications for almost everything, from the exact make and model of clubs that are allowed, to the size and shape of the grooves on their face (the surface with which the ball is hit), to the precise weight and aerodynamic capabilities of the ball. Due to the fast pace at which technology is improving this has been a difficult area for the governing body, the R & A, to regulate.
Players are only allowed to carry and use 14 clubs during any one round and in addition to the clubs and ball the players normally wear a glove on their left hand (for right-handed players) and also use tees, small pegs, to elevate the ball for the first shot on any given hole.
Confusingly the part of the course the first shot is made from is also called the tee and golf is unusual among ball games in not having a standardized pitch or playing area. Although all courses will have the same features, such as tees, greens, fairway and hazards, the exact layout and size varies, making each course unique, which is very much part of the game’s allure.